Abu Muslim Juma Mosque
The Juma Mosque named after Abu Muslum is located at the highest place of Khinaliq village. It was build about the end of the 8th to the beginning of the 9th century. According to the available sources of information, Abu Muslim, the brother of the Derbend judge Hisham, converted the population of Daghestan and the north-east part of today’s Azerbaijan to Islam, and built many mosques in these areas at that time. The first Mosque that he built is in Khinalig. It serves as the main mosque of the village.
Like all houses in Xinaliq, the the mosque originally had an earthen roof. This was replaced by a metal roof in 1988-1989. Yet, the mosque was in danger of collapsing. Thanks to the financial support of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, it could be fully reconstructed according to its original architecture, with an earthen roof, during the years 2012-2014.
Pirə Comərd tomb mosque
The history of the Pira Jomard Tomb Mosque in its present function dates back to the end of the XII century, thus it is considerably younger than the Abu Muslim Juma Mosque. However, the tomb building itself existed already before Islam. It served as a temple for the performance of religious rites of the Khinaliq fire worshippers. After the Khinaliq populations converted to Islam, the fire-worshipper temple was no longer paid any attention. But later, it was restored by Jomard, together with a mosque built next to it. The grave of Jomard is in the inside the building. The Khinaliq people call this place “dark place”, because there is neither a chimney nor a window in the building, keeping the place in constant darkness. People believed that light falling onto the tomb will annoy the soul, and God will punish those who exposed the tomb to the light. The Pira Jomard Tomb Mosque is still used as a mosque nowadays.
Xıdır Nəbi türbə-məscid
The Khidir Nabi Tomb-mosque, located in the Yelgovan quarter, dates back to the XVI century. Khidir Nabi, as an Islamic clergyman, opened a religious school in his house and gave religious lessons. He knew Arabic fluently. Besides his spiritual engagement, he was also a doctor. He treated toothaches and inflammated teeth by means of medicines that he made from plants which are nowadays unknown to us. These plants grew in the in the mountains around Khinaliq. When Khidir Nabi died, he was buried close to the village, on top of a high hill. Later, his students built the tomb on top of the grave. Khidir Nabi’s grave is the only grave inside of the tomb.
For many centuries, the tomb of Khidir Nabi was an important place of belief, thus the mosque for this village quarter was built adjacent to the tomb. A tradition evolved that people fix the nail of a horseshoe to the tree near the tomb and place alms there, in order to stop a tooth-ache. Thus, the tomb mosque is now alos called “tooth grave” or “sacred place of nails”. Khidir Nabi tomb mosque is still an important place of belief nowadays.
In the year 2012, it was restored by the “Khinaliq” State History-Architecture and Ethnography Preserve.
Sheykh Shalbuz tomb mosque
The Sheykh Shalbuz tomb mosque dates back to the XVII century. It is located in the Lower Quarter of the village. Sheykh Shalbuz was a great scholar of Islam. He also knew Arabic fluently. He founded a relitious school and trained a large number of students there. Many legends are told about Sheykh Shalbuz by the people of Khinaliq.
Israfil Baba tomb mosque
The Israfil Baba tomb mosque approximately dates back to the XVIII century. This tomb mosque, which is located in the Chukhur village quarter, is one of the very important places of belief for the Khinaliq people. Israfil Baba was a muslim clergyman who knew Arabic fluently. He opened a religious school in his house and gave religious lessons. He was a scholar of eastern medicine, and produced medicine from the healing plants that grew in the surroundings of Khinaliq in order to treat open wounds.
When Israfil Baba died, a tomb was built upon his grave in the shape of an oval vault. People who suffer from open wounds bring soil from his grave and smear it onto their wounds in order to be cured. Later, the mosque of the village quarter was built adjacent to the tomb, which is now called Israfil Baba mosque.
In the year 2011, it was restored by the “Khinaliq” State History-Architecture and Ethnography Preserve.
Mosque of the Lower Village Quarter
This mosque is located in the Gadakhe (i.e. “lower”) village quarter. There is no grave inside, nor are there any graves in the surroundings of this mosque. It is the mosque of the village quarter.
Mohuj Baba tomb
The Mohuj Baba tomb dates back to the XVIII century. Mohuj Baba was a promoter of Islam religion, he opened a religious school in his house and gave Quran lesson, knowing Arabic fluently. He treated the sick with medicine which he prepared from healing plants. When Mohuj Baba died, a tomb was built upon his grave, which became a place of belief. Still nowadays, people come to the Mohuj Baba tomb and pray.
Cabbar baba tomb
The Cabbar Baba tomb approximately dates back to the end of the XVII or the beginning of the XVIII century. It is located 200 m east of Khinaliq village.
Ahmad Efendi tomb
In comparison to the other tombs, the Ahmad Efendi tomb is the last and the youngest. Ahmad efendi lived from the end of the XIX century to the beginning of the XX century. He was a promoter of Islam, thus he opened a religious school in his house and gave Quran lessons, knowing Arabic fluently. When people had any problems, they appealed to Ahmad efendi, so that he prayed for them and gave them wise advice. The Ahmad efendi tomb is located in the graveyard of the Lower village quarter.
The Cell of Ibrahim Khalil
The Cell of Ibrahim Xalil can approximately be dated back to the end of the XVIII century to the beginning of the XIX century. This cell construction is located 5 km Norht of Khianliq village, on the left bank of Deyirman river.
According to a legend, the angels came to Ibrahim Khalil in a dream and told him to build a cell in exactly this pit in the slope, to worship God for 40 days in that cell, eating one date a day. Ibrahim Khalil, being a very religious person, built a shrine in eastern style on exactly that place, and spent 40 days there, worshipping God, reading the Quran and eating one date a day. On the 40th day, the angels contacted Ibrahim Khalil again and let him know that God had accepted his worshipping and prayers. After this, Irahim Khalil predicted the people’s fates and forecasted events in advance. Due to these unusual abilities, the people started to consider him a holy person. Until he died, Ibrahim Khalil went to this cell and worshipped God.
The sacred place “Qırx Abdal baba”
“Qırx Abdul baba” is a cave with a length of 100 m, an inner width of 5 m, its height ranges from 3 m to more than 5 m. Clear water drops from the ceiling all along the cave. The Khinaliq people call this holy place “Kirk per” (i.e. “dripping sacred place”). It is considered a holy place of belief, where people go to pray. It is located in the north-east of Khinaliq village, at a distance of 1 km.
The Atəşgah (lit. “temple of fire”) is located 5 km north of Khinaliq, south of the Heydar Aliyev Summit. It is a burning natural gas outlet. In earlier times, before Islam, the Khinaliq people were fire-worshippers, and the ateshgah was their a holy place. Until nowadays, some behavioral rules have remaind, which remind of the former sacredness of this place.
The Atəşgah is a very interesting place for ecotourizm; however, being situated in the prohibited border area with Russia, tourists may only pass with a special permission. Please contact the “Khinaliq” State Archeoloy-Architecture and Ethnography Preserve in advance to learn about the current rules for obtaining this permission.
Rock Staircase stone inscriptions
This monument is located 3 km west of Khinaliq. On the left side of this narrow mountain pass, there are the torrents of Qudiyal river, whereas on the right side, there is a steep, tall rock. In order to climb up the high mountain pass, a staircase was built into the rock. After the staricase, there is a small square on top of the rock. On the right side, at a height of 3 m, a Quran verse is carved into the stone in Arabic alphabet. These stone inscription symbolize the prayes for the traveller, who walks through the steep mountain passes, for that he may reach his home safe and sound.
The whole area of the Rock Staircase stone inscriptions is an ideal place for ecotourizm.